The Department of Medieval Archeology was established in late 2012 as a division of the National Centre of Archeological Research of the Institute of History named after Shigabuddin Mardzhani of the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. With the establishment of the Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov of the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences in 2014, the department headed by the corresponding member of the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences F.Sh. Khuzin comprised 22 specialists (10 state employees and 12 experts employed on a contractual basis).
Since late 2015, the Medieval Archaeology Department has been headed by Candidate of Historical Sciences Z.G. Shakirov, and today the core structure of the Department includes the following permanent employees: Doctor of Historical Sciences F.Sh. Khuzin (Chief Research Associate), Doctor of Historical Sciences I.L. Izmailov (Chief Research Associate), Doctor of Historical Sciences E.P. Kazakov (Senior Research Associate), Doctor of Historical Sciences V.V. Napolsky (Senior Research Associate), Doctor of Historical Sciences A.M. Gubaidullin (Senior Research Associate), Candidate of Historical Sciences N.G. Nabiullin (Senior Research Associate), Candidate of Historical Sciences R.R. Valiev (Senior Research Associate), R.F. Sharifullin (Senior Research Associate), Candidate of Historical Sciences D.G. Mukhametshin (Research Associate), A.I. Bugarchev (Laboratory Research Associate).
The scientific activity of the Department is carried out within the scope of the Priority Research Areas of the Institute for the period 2016-2020, primarily the area “Peoples of the Volga-Ural Region in the System of Medieval Eurasian Civilizations. The Great Silk Road.
Within this area, scientists of the department have developed five fundamental research problems covering all periods of the Middle Ages in Eurasia, as well as of the Early Modern Times in the Middle Volga and Kama regions:
– Bolgars in Eastern Europe, 8th – 10th centuries;
– Archaeological Sites of Volga Bolgaria of the 10th – Early 13th Centuries and their Study;
– Historical geography of the Golden Horde;
– Archaeological Monuments of the Middle Volga region in the 15th – 18th centuries;
– International Association of Muslim Archaeology.
Research associates of the department participate in the arrangement of activities of regional creative groups aimed at the compilation of four volumes of the multivolume academic publication “Archaeology of the Volga-Ural Region”, namely:
Volume IV. Volga-Ural Region in the First Half – Mid-1st Millennium A.D.
Volume V. The Volga-Ural Region in the 8th – early 13th Centuries. Volga Bolgaria. The Finno-Ugric World. Turkic-Speaking Nomads.
Volume VI. The Volga-Ural Region in the Period of the Ulus of Jochi (second third of the 13th – Early 15th Centuries).
Volume VII. Volga-Ural Region in the Second Quarter of the 15th – 17th Centuries.
Specialists of the department conduct active field surveys in Tatarstan, in particular within the scope of the Bolgar, Bilyar, Kazan and Sviyazhsk Archaeological Expeditions. Other territories of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation where field studies are conducted are the Volga region, the Caucasus and the Crimea.
Field research with the application of interdisciplinary methods are aimed at studying the issues of the migration of Prabolgars in Eastern Europe; mutual influence of cultures with the neighboring Finno-Ugric peoples; urban culture, settlement structures, economy and material culture of Volga Bolgaria, the Golden Horde (the Ulus of Jochi), Tatar Khanates and the population of the Kazan region within the Moscow state.