Artificial intelligence decodes the facial expressions of mice
Neuroscientists also uncover neural circuitry whose activity correlates with particular emotions.
Researchers have used a machine-learning algorithm to decipher the seemingly inscrutable facial expressions of laboratory mice. The work could have implications for pinpointing neurons in the human brain that encode particular expressions.
Physics : How slime mold helped scientists map out the cosmic web
Astronomers have struggled to visualize the giant tendrils of matter that connect galaxie. Creeping tendrils of slime seem to mirror the structure of the universe’s enormous filaments. That superficial similarity, in an organism called a slime mold, helped scientists map out the cosmic web, the vast threads of matter that connect galaxies.
Kazanorgsintez is ready to build two petrochemical facilities
The enterprise can augment ethylene production volumes in case a Kazan gas refinery is put into operation and gas processing capacities increase in Orenburg
This fundamental constant of nature remains the same even near a black hole
The fine-structure constant determines the strength of electromagnetic interactions. A gang of stars circles the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way (orbits illustrated). Scientists observed five such stars to show that the fine-structure constant is the same near a black hole as it is on Earth.
Enter the twilight zone: scientists dive into the oceans’ mysterious middle
The vast, wild depths between light and shadow face increasing threats from climate change and overfishing.
It is home to a majority of the marine fish biomass and helps to remove an estimated 4 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere each year. Now, scientists are gearing up to dive into the twilight zone, the largely unexplored ocean layer 200 to 1,000 metres deep that some worry is threatened by a changing climate and increased pressure from fishing.
More than 80 clinical trials launch to test coronavirus treatments
As HIV drugs, stem cells and traditional Chinese medicines vie for a chance to prove their worth, the WHO attempts to bring order to the search. China has more than 80 running or pending clinical trials on potential treatments for COVID-19, the illness caused by a novel coronavirus that has thus far killed nearly 1,400 people and infected more than 48,000 across China.
Scientists entangled quantum memories linked over long distances. The result is a necessary step to building a quantum internet
Physicists’ fantasies of a future quantum internet are a bit closer to reality. Scientists entangled two quantum “hard drives” that were linked by fibers tens of kilometers long. Entanglement, a type of ethereal quantum connection, allows two particles to behave as if intertwined even when distantly separated. The new study entangled two devices called quantum memories using particles of light that were shuttled across a longer distance than ever before, the team reports February 12 in Nature.
A barrier to colliding particles called muons has been smashed. Physicists have now cooled beams of the subatomic particles
From protons to electrons to atomic nuclei, physicists love smashing tiny stuff together. And soon, they may have an even better way to get their kicks.
These are the most detailed images of the sun ever taken
Largest solar telescope in the world shows boiling plasma on the solar surface. Hot plasma churns on the sun with newfound precision in the first images from the largest solar telescope in the world.
New virus surging in Asia rattles scientists
Chinese officials reported more than 100 new infections and South Korea confirmed its first case.
A lethal viral outbreak in China probably originated in a Wuhan animal market, which has since been closed.
Scientists name causes of January flood and snowless winter in Russia
Young stars have been found in an old part of our galaxy
Heat transferred in a previously unknown way
‘It is great to have publications, but is a scientific contribution limited only to them?’
Science is a sphere that’s quite hidden from society, for instance, due to its secrecy, plenty of special terminology or impossibility of briefly explaining the gist of discoveries. This is why the state has to introduce an institution of scientific managers who would understand scientists’ language and could control who of them is effective and who isn’t. Vice Director of the Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge at HSE Konstantin Fursov talked about it in an interview with Realnoe Vremya.
KFU celebrates 215th anniversary with growth of its own revenues
Rustam Minnikhanov has awarded the Kazan Federal University the order ‘For Merit to the Republic of Tatarstan’
Global warming to entail changes in global power balance
An inevitable shift from oil and gas is likely to affect many areas including the balance of power in the world. As countries that were traditionally dependent on fossil imports are increasing part of renewables in their energy mix, oil and gas exporting nations seem to have a good reason to worry about the future.
Ocean explorers delve beneath the ice
To predict how much climate change will raise sea level, researchers are studying ice shelves — where vast expanses of ice meet the ocean.
CRISPR tool modifies genes precisely by copying RNA into the genome
The III international forum of writers and intellectuals “Aitmatov Readings — For Dialogue of Cultures”The III international forum of writers and intellectuals “Aitmatov Readings — For Dialogue of Cultures” dedicated to the theme “Human and culture in the era of global changes” passed at the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences on 25 October.
Physics Nobel goes to exoplanet and cosmology pioneers
Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz, who discovered the first extrasolar planet orbiting a Sun-like star, share award with theoretical cosmologist James Peebles.
Cosmologist James Peebles and astronomers Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz have won the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics for discoveries about the evolution of the Universe and Earth’s place in it.